DANGERS ASSOCIATED WITH OPEN DEFECATION
Open defecation: is a human practice of defecating outside ( in the open environment) rather than into toilets. People may choose field, bushes, forests, ditches, streets, canals or other open space for defecation. They do so because either they do not have a toilet readily accessible or due to traditional cultural practices.
The practice is common where sanitation infrastructure and services are not available. Even if toilet are available, behavior change efforts may still be needed to promote the use of toilet.
OPEN DEFECATION FREE (OFF):
Is used to described community that have shifted to using a toilet in stead of open defecation. This can happen for example after community let total sanitation programs have been implemented.
FACTORS THAT LEAD COMMUNITY TO OPEN DEFECATIONS PRACTICE:
1. cultural factors
3. Level of education
4. lack of political commitment on health and health related issues.
5. Lack or poor community participation.
6. Natural deserter e.g. war
8. Poor attitude of health workers on awareness the public on dangers and ways to prevent their self on open defecations practice.
EFFECTS OF OPEN DEFECATIONS: open defecation can pollute the environment and cause health problems which include:
1. High child mortality.
2. Poor nutrition.
4. Large disparity between rich and poor.
6. Intestinal worm infections.
7. Typhoid fever.
11. Trachoma and others.
ROLE OF GOVERNMENT ON CONTROL OF OPEN DEFECATIONS PRACTICE.
1. government should develop policy on open defecations.
2. Provide training institutions, manpower, infrastructure that help to provide adequate training of environmental health workers.
3. Employed the personnel whose rendered and improve adequate environmental sanitation programs.
4.Improve political commitment on health and health related issues.
5. Organize seminar, workshops to educate the public on dangers and ways to prevent their self on open defecations.
ROLE OF COMMUNITY:
1. improve community participation, involvement on health and health related issues.
2. Neglect harmful traditional practice.
3. Improve personal and environmental hygiene.
Open defecations practice is one of common health problems that affect the health of the community. The government, community, Non governmental organization, religious and traditional leaders should be engage in highlighting the public and develop necessary measures that help to make our community free from this practice.
Health workers should double their efforts on education the public to practice positive behavior and avoid any negative ones that affect their health and causing damage to the community.
Halliru Yusuf Musa
Registered Community Health Officer.