ROLE OF ROUTINE IMMUNIZATION IN PROVISION OF EFFECTIVE HEALTH CARE DELIVERY IN NIGERIA

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ROLE OF ROUTINE IMMUNIZATION IN PROVISION OF EFFECTIVE HEALTH CARE DELIVERY SYSTEM IN NIGERIA.

Photo Credit: UNICEF

Immunization is one of the eight elements of primary health care provided by world health organization (WHO).
Immunization and vaccination are two of the most important public health interventions and constitute a cost effective strategy to reduce both the morbidity and mortality associated with infectious disease.

 


Routine immunization: is the sustainable, reliable and tamely interaction between the vaccine, those who deliver it and those who receive it to ensure every person is fully immunized against vaccine preventable diseases.

WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF GETTING VACCINATED?

Vaccination protects children from serious illness and complications of vaccine preventable diseases which can include amputation an arm or leg, paralysis of limbs, hearing loss, convulsions, brain damage, and death. Vaccine preventable diseases, such as measles, mump, and whooping cough are still a threat.

WHEN DID MY CHILD START RECEIVING IMMUNIZATION IN NIGERIA?

The newborn infant is supposed to be immunized with OPV0, Hepatitis B vaccine, and BCG vaccine as soon as possible after birth. At six weeks of age the child should receive OPV1, penta1 and PCV1, then 10 weeks of age OPV2, Penta2 and PCV2, then at 14 weeks a child should receive OPV3, PENTA3, PCV3, and IPV, then at 6month child should receive a first dose of Vitamin A, then at 9month Measles vaccine, Yellow Fever vaccine and Meningitis vaccine. When a child received the above mentioned vaccines is said to be fully immunized and insha Allah will be free from vaccine preventable diseases.

ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN PROFESSION OF ROUTINE IMMUNIZATION.

1. The government should provide and adopt policy on routine immunization.
2. Provide training institutions and personnel that help to provide adequate training of primary health provider.
3. Provide well equipped health facility were routine immunization will be conducted.
4. Provision of vaccine and maintaining of cold chain system.
5. Employed well trained personnel whose conduct routine immunization.
6. Provide logistic support to routine immunization service providers.
7. Provide manual and guide lines to routine immunization service providers.
8. Provide seminar and workshops on routine immunization time by time.
9. Review the policy when necessary.
10. Conduct research on routine immunization and review the data.

ROLE OF NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION ON ROUTINE IMMUNIZATION.

1. Support the government in ensuring every child will be immunized.
2. Logistic support.

ROLE OF HEALTH WORKERS

1. Carry out routine immunization in accordance with current immunization guide lines on immunization schedule.
2. Ensure every child will be immunized.
3. Conduct fixed and out reach session.
4. Ensure to educate the care giver before and after every immunization.
Observed AEFI.
5. Treat mild AEFI and refer the major ones.
6. Ask the care giver when to return.
Tell key six massage to care giver.

THE ROLE OF COMMUNITY

1. The community should be involved in carrying out routine immunization in their respective places.
2. The mother should take the child to health center during any visit or any one in the family.
3. The community should provide convenient place in case of outreach.
4. The community should support the service providers in tracking of defaulters.

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CONCLUSION

Routine immunization is very crucial in ensuring the positive health habit towards the health of our children and it’s available every where in Nigeria. Make sure your child is fully immunized by trained health care provider.
Health workers should continue educating the public on the benefit of routine immunization to our children and ourselves in maintaining healthy family and improve economic stratus of individual, family, community and world at large.
Halliru Yusuf Musa
Registered Community Health Officer.