Fish farming in Nigeria, over the years, has become a lucrative business in the agricultural sector of the country. Nigeria is blessed with extensive inland water mass estimated at about 12.5 million hectares capable of producing over 500,000 metric tons under adequate water management. However the country is faced with shortage of fish, hence fish farming.
Fish farming in Nigeria, over the years, has become a lucrative business in the agricultural sector of the country. From the beginning of time, farmers have centered their production of agriculture on peasant farming, farms produce, plantation, livestock farming, (crop farming and animal husbandry).
It is the basic and popular farming system in Nigeria. The fish farming system is the system in which fishes are reared for sale or for consumption. In other words, fish farming entails breeding of different varieties of fishes such as Catfish, Tilapia and Mackerel (Tilapia) etc. Gone are the days when the only means of getting fish is by catching it in the local rivers and ponds through trial and errors. Today, input and output in farm practice are done concurrently.
VENTURING INTO FISH FARMING
This system of farming is one of the most popular agro-businesses in Nigeria, which is fish farming and for good reasons, If you are an existing farmer (thinking of expanding your farm) or want to be a farmer, I’d encourage you to invest in fish farming.
Fish farming (especially catfish) is the most compatible with the poultry farming(fish cum poultry), as you can use the poultry drops to facilitate the production of the feed for your fish. It is also compatible with piggery (fish cum piggery), it is also compatible with rice farm(rice cum fishery).
The fish farming business is a dynamic kind of business. It a business which revolves around innovation on a daily basis. Fish farming is a lucrative business if you are determined and can employ the use of knowledge and also required modern equipment into the business.
The fishery industry is currently attracting investors due to its lucrative nature, fertile land for fish, high demands for fish and the low supply in the country. To make it in this business, my advise is acquire the right knowledge and proper management skills, with these, high-profit margins are achievable and ensured in this business.
Nigeria and foreign dishes, therefore, it means the number of demands for fish will grow, and the market for fish will continue to grow and expands as fish is required for local consumption or for export purposes. This is one of the reasons you need to leverage on this opportunity(invest in fish farming) through local fish breeding and supply. you will not only boost this agricultural level in the country,but you will also create employment and contribute to hunger eradication and poverty minimization.
There are varieties of fishes that exist, but only a few of these fishes can be breed.
• Catfish Farming
Catfish is not the most popular fish in Nigeria, this fish species is by far the most cultivated in Nigeria.
• Tilapia Fish Farming–
Tilapia Fish is the second most popular fish in the Nigeria aquaculture industry. Tilapia fish is the easiest and most profitable fish to farm due to its omnivorous diet, mode of reproduction.
• Mackerel Fish Farming (Titus)
This is the most popular eaten fish by Nigeria and most demanded in the market but so sad it’s not farmed. Mackerel is the species of fish popularly known as Titus, All Mackerel fishes are ‘wild caught.
WHY SHOULD I DO FISH FARMING
• Fish is Popular: Fishery products are by far the most popular animal products in the market,
• Fish is Source of Protein
• Fish Sells Quick: Fish is a hot commodity in the market. Fish sells faster than any other animal products in the market and is relatively cheaper than meats, making it the number one choice when it comes to affordability.
• Fish Matures Quickly: If proper steps and processes are taken fish grows rapidly.
• Fish Contains Omega-3;Fish is the biggest source of Omega-3 fatty acids which is extremely beneficial to a human heart; Omega-3 helps to keep our heart and brain very healthy.
• Fish Farming is Profitable
• Fish farming is very profitable. With proper planning and good management.
• No Environmental Hazard
Fish farming does not cause any environmental hazard. Unlike poultry farming, you can set up the fish farm anywhere, including residential areas. If you have a spacious compound, you can easily set up a small fish farm within your backyard without any regulatory precaution.
MUST KNOW IN STARTING A FISH FARM
1. Secure a Land: Any location is good since fish doesn’t cause any environmental disturbance. Look for a land where you can get it cheap and buy. Depending on the capacity you wants to operate on, a half plot of land is just good enough for an average fish farm.
However, you may go for something bigger like full plot or two if you can afford it probably for convenience sake. If you already have a compound with leftover space you thing can accommodate two or three pounds, you may use it.
2.Ponds: Earthen ponds, plastic vat, concrete tapeline ponds or even water tank (the rubber tank only) can be used to rear fish especially cat fish
3.Water source: Adequate water supply is the lifeblood of fish farm and lack of it may result in disaster because water needs to be changed on a regular interval. Naturally available sources of water such as borehole and river water are the most suitable. Rainwater and tap water from the chemically treated source is not recommended for fish cultivation. Install Overhead Tank is possible. This tank has to be connected to your ponds through the plumbing system to make it convenient for water to flow into your ponds when needed.
4.Get Juvenile Fish: Get your juvenile from good source that specializes in supplying it. You need to go for the high yield species of catfish or tilapia and make sure you are getting it from a healthy farm.
5. Get Training(most importantly)
NOTE: Not the kind of training you get from one-day seminars; you need to get attached to a fish farm for a proper apprenticeship. For you to properly learn this trade, you need at least two months training on this. Remember that your investment is at stake, trial and error is not good in business except you have unlimited funds to experiment with.
Credit to: Source: Estinz Baba